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How to Write an Effective Introduction Section for a Research Proposal

Writing a research proposal can be a daunting task, especially when it comes to crafting the introduction section. The introduction sets the tone for your research and provides a clear overview of the problem you are addressing. In this blog post, we will discuss the key processes to follow when writing the introduction section of a research proposal and provide examples of common pitfalls that junior researchers tend to make. Additionally, we will demonstrate how to write a proper introduction using the example of addressing the low proportion of uncontrolled hypertension in a step-by-step manner.

1. Start with a Hook

The first step in writing an introduction is to grab the reader’s attention. Begin with a compelling opening sentence or a thought-provoking question related to your research topic. For instance, consider the following:

“Did you know that despite advances in medical science, a significant proportion of individuals with hypertension still struggle to control their blood pressure?”

This hook immediately engages the reader and highlights the importance of the problem at hand.


A common pitfall is starting the introduction with generic statements or background information that fails to captivate the reader. For example:

“Hypertension is a prevalent medical condition affecting millions of people worldwide.”

While this statement is true, it lacks the impact needed to captivate the reader’s attention and may result in a less compelling introduction.

Proper Example:

“Uncontrolled hypertension is a pressing public health issue that affects approximately 30% of the adult population, leading to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases and mortality.”

This example highlights the specific problem and its implications, immediately drawing the reader’s interest.

2. Provide Background Information

After capturing the reader’s attention, it is essential to provide relevant background information about the research topic. This helps the reader understand the context and significance of your study. In our example, we can include information about the prevalence of hypertension and its impact on public health.


A common pitfall is overwhelming the introduction with excessive background information, making it difficult for the reader to identify the research gap. For instance:

“Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is a chronic medical condition characterized by elevated blood pressure readings. It affects individuals of all ages and is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases, such as heart attacks and strokes.”

While this information is important, it does not directly connect to the low proportion of uncontrolled hypertension, leaving the reader unsure of the research focus.

Proper Example:

“Despite medical advancements in hypertension management, recent studies have shown that a significant proportion of individuals with hypertension fail to achieve adequate blood pressure control. This knowledge gap highlights the need for further investigation into the factors contributing to uncontrolled hypertension and the development of targeted interventions.”

This example provides concise background information that directly leads to the research gap, making it clear to the reader what the study aims to address.

3. State the Research Problem and Objectives

Next, clearly state the research problem and objectives that your study aims to address. This helps the reader understand the specific focus of your research and what you hope to achieve.


A common pitfall is formulating vague research objectives that lack clarity and specificity. For example:

“The objective of this study is to explore the factors contributing to uncontrolled hypertension.”

This objective does not provide enough detail about the specific aspects of uncontrolled hypertension that will be investigated.

Proper Example:

“The primary objective of this study is to identify the socio-economic factors associated with the low proportion of uncontrolled hypertension in a diverse urban population. Additionally, we aim to develop targeted interventions to improve blood pressure control and reduce the burden of cardiovascular diseases.”

This example clearly outlines the research problem and provides specific objectives, giving the reader a clear understanding of the study’s focus.

4. Outline the Research Methodology

Finally, briefly outline the research methodology that will be employed to address the research problem and achieve the stated objectives. This helps the reader understand the approach you will take to gather and analyze data.


A common pitfall is either providing too much technical detail or omitting the methodology altogether. For example:

“This study will utilize a mixed-methods approach, including surveys, interviews, and data analysis.”

While this statement mentions the methodology, it lacks specific details about the sample size, data collection instruments, or data analysis techniques.

Proper Example:

“To accomplish our research objectives, we will conduct a cross-sectional survey among 500 adults residing in urban areas. The survey will include validated questionnaires to assess socio-economic factors, lifestyle behaviors, and access to healthcare services. Data analysis will involve descriptive statistics, regression analysis, and thematic coding of qualitative data.”

This example provides specific details about the research methodology, giving the reader confidence in the study’s rigor and validity.

By following these key processes, you can write an effective introduction section for your research proposal. Remember to engage the reader, provide relevant background information, state the research problem and objectives clearly, and outline the research methodology. Using these guidelines, you can craft an introduction that sets the stage for a compelling and impactful research proposal.

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